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Recent Methods of Slaughtering and its Effect on Meat Safety and Hygiene

  • by Ibrahim Abd El-Rahim
  • 11 January 2016

Islam has meant the development of the legal provisions governing the slaughter of animals. The Islamic Sharia achieved civilized scoop where imposed Islamic slaughter on ruminant animals which is permissible to eat their meat such as cattle, camels, sheep and goats, and the development of many of the Arts and the legal provisions during the slaughtering process.

The slaughtering process is of a significant impact on the meat safety and hygiene. On the other hand it is of significant impact on human health. The Halal slaughter involves cutting of jugular veins, carotid arteries, throat and esophagus, which facilitates draining of blood from the animal and thus prevents growth and multiplication of harmful micro-organisms. The halal slaughter of animals has a great role in preventing infectious diseases, and is seen one of the main reasons for the popularity of the product even among non-Muslims. In addition to complete bleeding of flowing blood, there are numerous benefits of severing all the blood vessels of the throat including increased shelf life; absence of bacteria; and make a slaughter with no pain.
Studies have shown that halal slaughter protects consumers from many diseases which are not possible in the conventional recent methods used in many countries. It was confirmed that the conventional methods of slaughtering used in the western countries, i.e. stunning, shutting, electrical shock…etc., are hindering the bleeding process. This research paper discuss the difference between the halal (Islamic) and the recent (conventional) methods of animals slaughter and explain the effect of each method on the meat safety and hygiene. It was concluded that the halal method of slaughtering is the only correct method of the scientific point of view. As well as, the halal method is of great importance for human health as protecting consumers from the infectious diseases as well as it has significant impact on the meat safety and hygiene. It was recommended that all non-Muslims people should move closer to the Halal method of slaughter and stop causing extra pain to the animal through stunning.

The report entitled "Recent methods of slaughtering and its effect on meat safety and hygiene" can be download follow.

Please note that this report contain more than 50 references, most of them are non-Muslim researchers. This report concluded that:

  1. The best method of slaughter is the Halal Islamic method which consists of a horizontal cut on the throat of the animal and severing all four vessels of the throat in addition to trachea and oesophagus, without any type of pre-slaughter stunning, in order to remove all the impure blood from the animal. This is the only method which ensures that the meat slaughtered is lawful for Muslims of all schools of thought to consume and the method which removes all doubts.
  2. The Halal method of slaughter has been the best way to slaughter in the past and will continue to be the best way to slaughter in the future. As it characterized by no pain sensation; complete drainage of liquid blood from the carcass; increased shelf life; absence of bacteria as well as improved meat safety and hygiene in comparison to all conventional (stunning) slaughter methods.
  3. At the time the Halal slaughter protect the human health from infectious diseases; the stunned meat represents a dangerous source of zoonotic bacterial diseases and incurable prion diseases for consumers.
  4. The use of any type of pre-slaughter stunning makes the meat not lawful (not Halal) for Muslims.
  5. All stunning methods have disadvantages relating to animal welfare, meat safety and hygiene, and public health, as well as the stunned animal may die before slaughtering.
  6. Further studies and researches are recommended to educate non-Muslims people to apply the Islamic Halal method of slaughter and stop causing extra pain to the animal through stunning.

Dr. Ibrahim Hussein Ahmed Abd El-Rahim
Professor of Infectious Diseases and Epizootiology, Department of Environmental and Health Research, The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Institute for Hajj and Umrah Researches, Umm AlQura University, Makkah Al-Mukaramah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

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WMCO - Recent Methods of Slaughtering and its Effect on Meat Safety and Hygiene

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